Neurosciences

The human brain might well be the most complex control system on earth. It consists of billions of nerve cells that are interconnected in circuits of dazzling complexity. Moreover, each individual nerve cell processes input from thousands of companions, finally resulting in a very complex and precisely tuned response pattern.

The mission of the Neurosciences collaboration is to understand the fundamental mechanisms that underlie development and synaptic and structural plasticity of the brain as well as information processing. We apply a wide range of state-of-the art behavioural, biochemical, histological, molecular, imaging and in vivo and in vitro electrophysiological techniques to address our research questions in the fields of cognition, behaviour, neuroinformatics, membrane biophysics, neurochemistry, neurogenesis and neurodevelopment.

The Neurosciences collaboration is the founding partner of the Amsterdam Brain and Cognition (ABC) centre and the Spinoza Centre for Neuro-imaging. Furthermore, the research groups within the collaboration operate within the Graduate School Neurosciences Amsterdam Rotterdam (ONWAR).

Key Objectives:

Cognitive and Systems Neuroscience

Understanding of the neural mechanisms and substrates underlying cognitive processes, predominantly in animals and recently also in humans. The current topics include the neurophysiological mechanisms of learning and memory consolidation, interaction between memory and perceptual systems, and multisensory integration.

 

Cellular and Computational Neuroscience

The ‘Cellular and Computational Neuroscience group has organised its research around a few well-defined topics in the realm of neuronal excitability, a prominent property of the nervous system and its components. Most of the experiments are supported by computer modelling, focusing on single-cell excitability in relation to the direct chemical surrounding of the neuron as well as on the adaptive strategies for excitability that optimise the working range of active neurons. 

 

Structural and Functional Plasticity of the nervous system

Understanding how changes in structural and functional plasticity of the brain are mediated in relation to (early life) stress exposure and during diseases like depression, anxiety, dementia and epilepsy. Using this information, we aim to utilise and recruit existing endogenous plasticity for recovery or repair of these brain disorders. We focus on adult neurogenesis, dendritic complexity, synaptic and cellular plasticity, and spatial and emotional learning and memory.

 

Molecular Neuroscience

Understanding fundamental molecular processes that underlie neurodevelopmental processes and neuronal function in health and disease. Research is concentrated on two brain areas: the cortex and the midbrain. Using a wide array of state-of-the art technologies, current topics include insulin signaling in cortical development, circadian rhythms in adult neurogenesis, evolution of the human genome and concomitant brain development, formation of cortical microcircuits, molecular programming and epigenetics in midbrain development, signal transduction in the adult and developing midbrain.  

 

Research Groups of the Research Theme Neurobiology

Published by  Swammerdam Institute

3 September 2018